Sunday, November 19, 2017

Difference Between Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning


Artificial Intelligence is the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior. It is accomplished by studying how human brain things, learns, decide and work while trying to solve a problem. The main applications of Artificial Intelligence are Speech Recognition, Image Recognition, Self-Driving Cars, Self-Driving Networks, Siri, YouTube and Pandora. AI was first coined in 1956 but due to limitation of computation network it couldn’t be used that time.

After AI, Around 1990’s Machine Learning came into picture. Machine Learning in nothing but is type of Artificial Intelligence that provides computers with the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed. Machine Learning is of different types and can be found in the previous post.
Machine learning couldn’t fly high because of its below mentioned limitations:
1. Data with large number of inputs and outputs
2. High Dimensionality of data
3. It can solve NLP and Image Recognition up to some extent but not at deep level.
4. It doesn’t support feature extraction. Feature extraction is nothing but it’s a way to solve the problem without giving all the required inputs.

Deep Learning is subset of Machine Learning. It came into existence around 2005-2006 and the motive behind Deep learning is to overcome the existing problems of Machine Learning. Deep Learning is collection of statistical machine learning techniques used to learn feature hierarchies often based on artificial neural networks. Deep Learning models are capable to focus on the right features by themselves but requiring some little guidance from the programmer. These models also solve the dimensionality problem too. The main idea behind Deep Learning is to build learning algorithms that mimic brain. It is implemented with the help of neural network.


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Thursday, September 14, 2017

What is machine learning?


Machine learning is automated extraction of knowledge from Data. It is the way to automate your existing workflows with old mathematics theorem. At the end Machine Leaning is nothing but a programmatic way to solve any kind of problem.

The problem can be of predicting house prices, recognizing people from their photos, checking which interfaces of router will go down, predicting that the router link will be chocked, finding sales number basis on the investment etc.

As per Andrew NG from Coursera “The complexity in traditional computer programming is in the code (programs that people write). In machine learning, learning algorithms are in principle simple and the complexity (structure) is in the data. Is there a way that we can automatically learn that structure? That is what is at the heart of machine learning.

Types of Machine Learning
Supervised learning is also known as predictive modeling, is process of making predictions using data. It can apply what has been learned in the past to new data using labeled examples to predict the future events. The learning algorithm can also compare its output with the correct, intended output and find errors in order to modify the model accordingly. You make predictions of new data for which you don’t know the true outcomes. E.g. If dataset is email messages and by using predictive learning we will find out whether the particular email is spam or not.

Unsupervised learning is process of extracting structure from data or learning how to best represent the data. Unsupervised machine learning algorithms are used when the information used to train is neither classified nor labeled. Unsupervised learning studies how systems can infer a function to describe a hidden structure from unlabeled data. The system doesn’t figure out the right output, but it explores the data and can draw inferences from datasets to describe hidden structures from unlabeled data.


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Saturday, March 25, 2017

Different ways to mitigate DDOS Attack


DDoS is aka Distributed Denial of Service. It is type of attack where multiple Trojan infected systems are used to target a single system causing a Denial of Service (DoS) attack. Victims of a DDoS attack consist of both the end targeted system and all systems maliciously used and controlled by the hacker in the distributed attack.

How to mitigate DDOS attack?
There are couple of options available which are used to mitigate the DDOS attack like as below mentioned:-
1. Source Rate Limiting and Filtering
2. Limiting the total number of connections
3. Syn Proxy
4. RTBH

Options from 1 to 3 are used to reduce the impact and RTBH is used to completely drop the traffic for the targeted destination address. This can be achieved either at Customer Premises or at Service Provider Edge location by forwarding all the traffic for desired destination towards the null route. The main disadvantage of RTBH is that the entire traffic has to be dropped. What does it mean that if the server is hosting port 80 and port 53 application and DDOS attack is only for port 53 in that case the entire port 80 and 53 traffic has to be dropped. This may impact the services of port 80 also even though the traffic is not destined for port 80. But this will help service providers or customers to get rid from DDOS attack or to mitigate it.

In the next post, I will be sharing more details on BGP Flow Specs to control the DDOS attacks in more dynamic way. This is what could be the next or new approach after RTBH.

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